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Rules when sanding timber and other woods

You should never use worn sandpaper when sanding timber as it is a cutting tool and it will not cut. Professionals say that most sandpapers are good for 4 minutes of continuous sanding. The abrasive on modern high quality sandpaper fractures as it is used. Coatings on these papers help prevent clogging of the abrasive with dust, therefore modern high quality sandpaper gives the best results.

You should always keep the sandpaper moving continuously on the wood, by holding the sandpaper stationary it will cause grooves to appear in the wood. It also changes the shape of the wood unintentionally. Dust will also buildup between the sandpaper and the wood, which prevents wood abrasion and generates more heat.

You should never use sandpaper to shape wood as different areas of wood abrade in different ways.

Sanding generates dust, which can build up between the sandpaper and the wood so you should clean the sandpaper frequently.  Constantly move the sandpaper to free dust. You should occasionally clean it with a crepe block. Discard paper immediately if the dust caramelises. Remove the dust from the wood between each grit. You should also remove the dust from the wood after every grit as it can scratch the wood and prevent the effect of using a finer grit abrasive. The dust packed in the open grain often appears as fine white lines in the wood, you  can be prevent this by using compressed air to remove dust rather than wiping away dust.

In order to get the results you are looking for, choosing the right sander for the job is fundamental. Manual sanding by hand is best for all small, intricate projects and hard-to-reach areas. Orbital or palm sanders are best for large, flat surface areas such as tables and benches. A powerful belt sander would be perfect for a basketball court or large-scale wood floor refinishing job

Most Durable Wood Laminate Flooring

Solid wood

This type of wood offers natural feel and look,and can be refinished as many times you want. This also offers a rustic looks and includes bamboo type of wood.


A tough and durable for your floor. This looks more like a stone or wood.


Engineered wood

This offers the same natural and warm look like a solid wood and much less cost. This can be floated without fasteners or glue.




It just like natural materials and can also be floated. This is the wear for stains resistance and changes of color by sunlight.



Like stone and vinyl materials, but this is made from bark tree and linseed oil. It has superb resistance like stains, scratches and sunlight fades.



Ceramic tile

Since ancient time this type of material was been used, especially for kitchens. This comes from variety of shapes, colors which corresponds to its prices.



Basic Bent Wood Lamination

Cut on the straight-grained edge

Use the right ply thickness

Clean up saw marks

Use the right glue

Compensate for spring-back

Foam Rollers Speed Glue-Up

Cut out the middle of a two-part form

Line the form with cork

One-part forms handle sharp curves

Two-part forms apply even pressure

Laminate Basement Flooring Installation

Plastic Sheet Test –  Cut plastic garbage bags into square and tape them to the floor in various places. Leave it for 3 days and after those days, lift the square and check the liquid accumulated the bottom of the floor. Otherwise, the floor maybe too moist for laminate installation.

Prepare – Only install the laminate on a concrete sub floor that was poured 60 days or more. Also, keep the environment steady at 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit, with 35% to 50% humidity or less for a minimum of 15 days after to the days when the job was done.

Humidity – To deal with fluctuations in heat and humidity, the temperature should be full control before installing the laminate.

Installation Procedure – Start by sealing the concrete surface with chemical sealing agent that will create barrier between the base of the laminate and any ground water that may seep up over time.

Then lay 6mm plastic moisture barrier underlayment to protect the material. During the installation follow the step provided by the manufacturer so that it will be installed correctly.



The Effect of Wood Tiles for Floors

Vintage Wood

This Style will create a vintage effect on the floors along with the walls.

Rectified Tiles

A type of wood tiles that make a perfect wood floor effect. The tiles are precise as they are mechanically cut in order for them exactly fit each other.


Recycled Wood

Even though recycled wood are not much durable like to a new one. As it is literally recycled, but it gives a beauty like the cracks and crevices are nothing.


Zebra wood

This gives a totally different effect, aside that this is unique, it creates an amazing style that comes from the illuminating shades of the wood.

Hardwood or laminates?

When you want to update your home, or have another reason for changing the flooring in a house, it is often that you’re faced with the dilemma of picking between laminate or hardwood. There are many differences between the two types of flooring, and it can help to know the key ones when planning such a change.

Main differences:

    1. Solid hardwood flooring is the closest to the trees you’
      ll get when it comes to
      flooring. The planks are produced from single, big pieces
      of wood and they come in
      a large variety, and can be found available even unfinished.
    2. Engineered hardwood flooring is somewhere in between. The
      planks of this type of
      flooring consist of several layers made out of wood or plywoo
      d. There are different
      engineering techniques, but many also have a special top layer,
      consisting of a sawn wood lamella. Engineered hardwood is
      prefinished when you buy it.
    3. Laminate flooring is completely synthetic. Its design i
      s meant to imitate actual wood.
      However, the core of this flooring is created from melami
      ne resin or fiber board
      material. Laminate flooring usually has a top layer that is a
      ctually an impinted
      texture, to make it look like real wood.

Ecological Appeal:

  1. Solid hardwood, and engineered hardwood are both organic. Single
    pieces of woodmake up the planks of these types of flooring
    –or several pieces, in the case of engineered floors. However, since they are natural, they
    have a larger impact on the planet’s forests. Since it takes up a lot more wood to produce
    these types of floors,you might want to reconsider if you want to place them in your home.
  2. Laminate flooring is hardly organic. Of course, it’s still made out of wood, but the
    process of manufacturing this type of flooring consists of bonding composite
    materials, along with the melamine resin. Along with this, consder the fact that many
    manufacturers choose to use cheaper adhesives to cut back on the costs. These glues
    can sometimes be harmful even after production has ended.

To conclude the ecological perspective – when buying flooring, no matter the type, try to strike a balance between going natural and being eco-friendly. The two are not interchangable, since natural wood can also have a detrimental impact on the environment. Research the manufacturer well before you commit to remodeling your home.


The main aesthetic difference between the two types is in the texture first and foremost. The wood grain in hardwood floors is characterized by uniqueness – no two hardwood planks (solid or engineered) will look the same, since the patterns and the look of it is not artificial. On the other hand, laminate flooring only imitates how wood looks, which makes it fall far behind in terms of how ‘real’ it feels. The texture of laminate flooring is smooth, while the appearance is an imprinted pattern to make it look wood-like. Since it’s imprinted, however, the patterns are designed, and therefore most laminate planks will end up looking almost identical. That’s not to say that laminate floors can’t be pretty – the latest developments in this type of flooring have reached a point where even experts can be fooled on a first glance.

To conclude, the differences between the two become obvious after you research a bit. Before committing to a choice, make sure you research the manufacturer, as well as the type of materials that make up your flooring.

Tips on cleaning & maintaining your flooring

If you’ve decided to have your house fitted with laminate flooring, it is highly recommended that you know how this particular type of flooring should be taken care of over the years. Laminate flooring is highly popular due to its practical nature. It doesn’t require any advanced technical skills to install, so it’s easy to see why a lot of people would choose it for their home. It saves up a lot of money, because laminate flooring is usually much cheaper than hardwood flooring, for example. At the same time, in our day and age you can easily find laminate flooring to fit any decorative style. All this considered the same can be said about the maintenance of such flooring. It only comes down to a few basic principles, that, when applied, will ensure a lengthy lifespan of your laminate flooring.
First and foremost, water should be taken into consideration. Most laminate floors do not have special protective coatings (which decrease water damage). As such, you should take extra care not to use water when cleaning it, unless you are certain that your specific type of laminate flooring is capable of handling it. Otherwise, the planks will become bent and misshapen over time. The water is partially absorbed by the flooring and it gives the planks a malleable property – thus, when the water evaporates, you end up with planks that do not fit together any more or other such issues. To make sure your flooring can be cleaned using water, check your local laminate flooring shop, or consult a specialist. Even if a water-resistant coating is protecting your floors, you should still make sure not to use too much water, as the coating itself may wear off over time. The correct way to clean laminate flooring requires the usage of a vacuum cleaner, a dust mop, or cleaning it with cloth fabric (again, not wet). Yes, it’s that simple. There is an exception: you can use hot water to wipe your floors (but you should not do so very often, once every other month is enough), but afterwards you must use a dry mop, so as to not allow the water to sit too much on the surface of your floors. In other words, you should not let it dry out when it comes to laminate floors.
Another important thing to take into consideration when maintaining your flooring is how sensitive it can be to scratches. Make sure you always use soft fabrics and that you’re not pressing down too hard on the floors while cleaning them, to avoid any damage; also, if you’re using a vacuum cleaner, use it without the beater bar. Laminate flooring can become quite ugly if it acquires scratches over time!
If you need to clean marks on your floors that won’t simply be wiped away by a cloth mop, you should be on the lookout for products that can be used on laminates. Of course, there are a multitude of options available when it comes to shopping for cleaning products. However, most of the time you won’t need to waste your money on them, since a lot of these types of marks can be cleaned with a bit of ingenuity. Creating a solution of vinegar & water is something anyone can do – just take a bucket or other such recipient and fill it with three parts water and one part vinegar. Stains such as mud, dried out liquids (beer or juice for example), shoe marks – all of them can be cleaned with such a solution. Be sure to use a bottle with a spray cap, in order to ensure once again that you won’t use too much liquid on the floors. As before, use the same type of soft cloth to clean the dirty areas, as well as making sure to use a dry piece of cloth or a mop to clean the leftover water. On the other hand, there are indeed marks and spills that can only be cleaned using special products. You should investigate what type fits your flooring best before you spend.
As with anything, if you simply inform yourself before heading out to buy expensive products that might not even end up helping you, you will end up saving some money!

Fitted Bedrooms, Yay or Nay?

There has been a bit of debate going on with me and my friend lately as to whether he should get a fitted bedroom installed in his bedroom. He’s looking for a solution to have some sliding wardrobe doors put in as well as a fitted desk built onto the side. The only real thing that is stopping him doing it is the cost. He was quoted a variety of different prices from a few different companies. The prices ranged from between £1200-£3600, big difference I know.

So let’s ignore cost for the moment, as it is what is is. Let’s look at some other reasons whether a fitted bedroom may be of use:

  1. They look good. It’s a made to measure service, meaning all of the furniture is the exact size it needs to be for the room. This means no empty space is wasted.
  2. The general finishing of the products used are generally quite high quality.
  3. Bespoke to your fashion. Whether it’s an oak look or a modern look you are going for, it can be built just for you

There are also some negatives to fitted bedrooms:

  1. The service can take time, you have to get somebody to come out and measure your room.
  2. The furniture then needs to be manufactured to your specifications which can take weeks.
  3. The furniture then needs to be properly installed by a professional to make sure everything is secured.
  4. Mistakes can happen and your made to measure furniture actually may not fit, giving more time for alterations.

Sliding wardrobe doors can be a great addition to a bedroom allowing more space to use for other things. Overall we believe that if a fitted bedroom is within your budget then go for it, but make sure to choose a reputable company such as Reflectalux Interiors.

Edit: In the end he went with it for a cost of £2000. Hurray!

So many to choose from!

background-84678_1280As many of you will know, laminate flooring comes in many designs, patterns, colours, materials and so on. If you are looking for a Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Pine, etc you will find they are not cheap. However the great thing about laminate is not only does it look great and is easy to fit, but it is also incredibly cheap compared to the solid oak. Of course, you will not be able to match the quality of wood you would get if you sourced your wood from a lumber, however laminate provides the closest thing to it!

You can source your laminate from many of the big realier stores, such as Wickes, Travis Perkins, B & Q, Romford Locks and so on. However you are better off looking for local businesses who are likely to give you more materials for your money. Small companies will always have scraps and offcuts, which they have no use for and will be willing to give it away, if you shop with them. The wood will be better quality and you will be helping a local business in the process!

Achieving top results fast!

When designing and building a room, time is always a costly thing to take into consideration. However doing some bits yourself will mean you will save more money on labour and services even though it make take abit longer to reach the final product. Laminate flooring requires no glue or clamps and it similar to a big puzzle, and is renowned for being easy to fit regardless of your DIY experience or skills in this area of work. This video shows you the simplicity of fitting laminate flooring and the highly successful result it makes to a room.

This post was brought to you by Mike from Wood Flooring Cardiff.

Laying The Right Foundations

When creating any house there are many factors to consider if you want to create the perfect project, and quality of material is key to achieve the results you want strive to meet. There are many elements to be considered when designing a room, and it has been scientifically proven that the floor makes up 60% of a first impression of new buyers walking into a room. Many people are going for laminate flooring as it provides a cleaner and more hygienic surface, which is perfect for children and pets. Carpets are still popular as they provide a luxurious and more comfortable surface for all users. However research did a study and found the best carpets Cardiff had to offer was the best in the of the UK, and their quality and high density carpets were hard wearing and incredibly durable.